There are few more unforgettable experiences than a vacation in Botswana. Not only does the country have a highly diverse population, but it also presents with a breathtaking array of fauna and flora unlike anything is seen elsewhere on the globe. Located in the southern part of the African continent, sharing borders with Zambia and South Africa, it is easily accessible from high-functioning countries and is an ideal destination for a vacation. This article will provide information on the different top Botswana points of interest.
1. The Okavango Delta
The delta, also known as the Okavango Grassland, is a vast inland delta formed in the area where the Okavango River reaches a trough in the basin of the Kalahari. Typically, water entering the Delta would evaporate; however, this water does not and creates grassland by not flowing into the ocean. The Okavango Delta has been noted as the largest inland delta existing on Earth and in 2014 become an official heritage site.
2. The Moremi Game Reserve
This game reserve is one of the most popular game reserves located in Botswana. It was named after the Botswana Chief Moremi and can be found in the eastern area of the Okavango Delta described above. This particular game reserve is unique in that it combines drier regions with the permanent water provided by the Okavango Delta. Furthermore, when visiting the area, it is possible to view the Savannah and games from the Savannah as they head Southern Africa over the Okavango Delta.
While the Moremi Reserve is not one of the largest game reserves, it does present with some of the most exciting views for visitors to the country. Approximately 500 species of birds, including water birds, and a plethora of other wildlife can be seen. Due to a wildlife project run since 1989, it is now possible to view Cape wild dogs in the game reserve; however, these animals will be seen wearing collars because of their involvement in the research project.
3. The Chobe National Park
The Chobe Park is significant to Botswana’s history as it is the first national park to be developed in the country. Found in the northern area of the country, it is also one of the parks on the African continent presenting one of the greatest concentrations of wildlife after the Kalahari Game Reserve and the Gemsbok National Park in South Africa.
The Chobe National park is unique in that it is separated into four specific areas with each corresponding to a certain ecological system. The Chobe riverfront presents with floodplains and is located in the north-eastern park area. The Savuti Marsh includes an inland lake where the water supply has evaporated due to African tectonic movements. This area is located in the west. The Linyanti Marsh is found in the north-western area and includes two rivers, as well as open woodlands. The final area is the hinterland lying between the Linyati and Savuti Marshes. It is the driest and hottest area including many grass woodlands.
4. The Makgadikgadi Salt Pan
The Makgadikgadi salt pan, also known as the Botswana salt flats, is a type of salt pan located in the middle of the north-eastern Botswana area. It is one of the largest salt pans on the globe and is the only evidence of the Lake Makgadigadi’s existence. This lake dried up over 2,000 years ago and after drying up left the salt pans.
Technically, the Makgadigadi salt flat is not a single pan, but a plethora of salt pans with a desert located between the flats. The largest of these salt pans is the Sua (pronounced so-wa) pan, and the smallest is the Salar de Uyuni. The smallest salt pan is, however, located in Bolivia leaving the larger pans in Botswana.
5. The Khama Rhino Sanctuary
If you are interested in African wildlife, then the Khama Rhino Sanctuary may be an ideal Botswana point of interest for you. This sanctuary is one of the community-based projects to assist in saving one of the types of African animals that are close to extinction. Developed in 1992, the project began in the Kalahari desert offering a natural habitat for both black and white rhinoceros; as well as over thirty other types of animal species facing extinction.
6. The Three Chiefs’ Statues
If you are a history fan, you may find yourself drawn to the Three Chiefs’ Statues, also known as the Three Dikgosi Monument. This is a bronze monument erected in September of 2005 in Gaborone, Botswana. The sculpture is important to Botswana’s history as it depicts the three primary tribal chiefs: Khama III of the Bangwato tribe, Bathoen I of the Bangwaketse tribe, and Sebele I of the Bakwena tribe. Several events are held at this location throughout the year, the most popular being the Miss Independence Botswana competition in 2008.
7. The Nata Bird Sanctuary
Similar to the above noted Khama Rhino Sanctuary, the Nata Bird Sanctuary is a development located in Botswana created to conserve several bird species. This sanctuary is unique in that it is the only government-protected sanctuary and is managed by a trust known as the Kalahari Conservation Society. The development hosts approximately 170 different species of birds, including several types of flamingos – a fact that has contributed to its recognition on an international level.
8. The Tsodilo Hills
A world heritage site, the Tsodilo Hills is an interesting point of interest comprised of rock shelters, rock art, caves, and depressions. It is located in the Ngamiland district in Botswana and is estimated to have approximately 5’000 traditional pieces of rock art. It is one of the most important points of interest in Botswana because of its link to the country’s culture. UNESCO also reported the hills as having spiritual significance to the traditional San tribes of Botswana.
As can be seen, there are numerous Botswana points of interest available for any person to enjoy. Using the information above, you can find the most suitable point for your specific needs.